• Non-Wovens as Scaffolds for Artificial Tissue

News & Views

Non-Wovens as Scaffolds for Artificial Tissue

Jul 07 2009

Medical Scientists in Germany who have been working on production of artificial cartilage using porous scaffold materials are also aiming to produce tendons and blood vessels using the same techniques. Cells placed on a porous non-woven frame made of, for example polymer fibres, have potential to grow and form tissue. Whether the cells will grow properly into tissue, however, depends on many factors. For instance, the cells only form cartilage if they are subjected to loads comparable with those in the body. To form cartilage the tissue needs to experience the pressure applied by every step. By contrast, blood vessel tissue needs the pulsation of the blood.

Exactly how these forces exert themselves on cell walls when the fibre scaffolds are pulled, or have liquid passing through them has been quite difficult to describe or determine. Now research scientists at the Fraunhofer Institute for Mechanics of Materials IWM in Freiburg and Halle have developed a simulation model which answers these questions and characterises the fleeces. “The simulation reproduces the mechanical properties of the fleeces and the transport processes – the software can therefore also calculate how nutrients are transported to the cells and metabolic products are transported away from the cells when a liquid flows by,” explains Dr. Raimund Jaeger, Group Manager at the IWM.

“Understanding these processes can be helpful for cell culture.” To produce the model, the research scientists initially studied the mechanical properties of the individual polymer fibres and for this purpose developed a special apparatus. On a silicon chip measuring one square centimeter, the scientists in Halle etched approximately 50 ‘microtesting machines’. They then placed and fastened the fibres over the testing machines. Under the microscope the researchers were able to observe how the fibres behave when they are pulled, how far they stretch and when they snap. As fibre-like structures are frequently encountered in nature and technology, suitable experimental techniques and simulation methods have a wide range of applications.


Digital Edition

Lab Asia 31.2 April 2024

April 2024

In This Edition Chromatography Articles - Approaches to troubleshooting an SPE method for the analysis of oligonucleotides (pt i) - High-precision liquid flow processes demand full fluidic c...

View all digital editions

Events

ASMS Conference

Jun 02 2024 Anaheim, CA, USA

ACHEMA 2024

Jun 10 2024 Frankfurt, Germany

Lab & Test Asia

Jun 12 2024 Bangkok, Thailand

Chemspec Europe 2024

Jun 19 2024 Dusseldorf, Germany

Forensics Europe Expo

Jun 19 2024 London, UK

View all events