DryLab Design Space Modeling in the Context of ICH Q14
Nov 01 2022
With what it introduces as the «enhanced approach», ICH’s Analytical Quality by Design guideline draft (Q14) promotes scientific analytical procedure outcomes, emphasizing knowledge-driven development, risk assessment and risk management. The approach requires more than the scope of what statistical tool-kits can deliver. Favorable instead is the combination of a chromatography-based design-of-experiments (DoE) and powerful mechanistic modeling. Such combination effectively establishes a comprehensive design space model: its inherent chromatographic knowledge space establishes and visualizes all parameter ranges that yield robust separations. In consequence, those established conditions offer maximum flexibility, both pre- and post-approval.
In both the industrial and academic context, DryLab Design Space Modeling is widely accepted for its alignment with the «enhanced approach» mentioned above, along with its ability to establish and visualize three-dimensional knowledge spaces that comprise more than a million possible workpoints of the modeled separation systems. First introduced in 1986, the software visualizes design spaces since 2008. While industry’s recent transition towards sophisticated method development strategies is mainly due to the paradigm shift heralded by the introduction of Q12 on pharmaceutical product lifecycle management, there are also business objectives for modeling and evaluating robustness of separations and separation systems on an everyday basis. Particularly DryLab’s Design Space Comparison and Automation Module are the tools that put these requirements into practice.
Recently, Design Space Modeling also finds application for the qualified characterization and comparison of individual separation systems. If—for instance—instrumentation, sample and studied method conditions remain identical, intercolumn design spaces can be built and differences between the modeled stationary phases can be evaluated holistically. Following this approach, DryLab Design Space Modeling delivers both scientific knowledge and systematic understanding and, at the same time, allows for the transfer of existing applications to new hardware or for the redesign of analytical methods altogether.
More so, DryLab models comprise multi-attribute options that allow to establish conditions that concurrently fulfill certain method-specific criteria. The resulting Method Operable Design Regions (MODRs) visualize those ranges, where critical method attributes for one or more peaks of interest are met. Figure 1 displays such an MODR within a design space as a combination of red, three-dimensional bodies. The red areas represent method conditions where pre-defined critical method attributes are fully met—attributes such as overall critical resolution (Rs,crit.) but also peak specific characteristics such as resolution (Rs), retention time windows (tR), peak tailing (Tf) and peak width(w).
Recent publications describe the comparison of design spaces to find column interchangeabilities, as well as the analysis of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies using DryLab’s Automation Module.
Design Space Modeling has become an important pilar of current analytical procedure development and soon expected to become even more demanded for real-time decision-making in prospective stages of data-driven pharmaceutical industry.
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