• New EDXRF Method for Analysis of Lead in Gasoline Published

Mass Spectrometry & Spectroscopy

New EDXRF Method for Analysis of Lead in Gasoline Published

Mar 06 2015

Applied Rigaku Technologies, Inc announces the publication of a new application report covering the measurement of lead (Pb) in gasoline according to ASTM D5059-14, Standard Test Methods for Lead in Gasoline by X-Ray Spectroscopy using energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) spectrometry. The report describes the performance of the Rigaku NEX QC EDXRF spectrometer, a benchtop analyser for rapid qualitative and quantitative elemental analysis.

Almost all countries worldwide have stopped adding lead to gasoline. Those still using small amounts are expected to completely phase it out in the coming years. Historically, regular gasoline typically contained up to 4.0 grams of lead per gallon. Currently, ‘unleaded gasoline’ is allowed to contain no more than 0.05 grams of lead per gallon.

ASTM D5059-14 Test Methods A and B cover the range of 0.10 to 5.0 g Pb/US gal. Test Method C covers the range of 0.010 to 0.50 g Pb/US gal. For the analysis described in the report, the empirical calibration was built to cover 0.0013 – 0.1321 g/L (0.0049 – 0.50 g/US gal) to satisfy D5059 Part C using a suite of eight commercially available certified gasoline calibration standards.

Instrument precision was determined by ten repeat analyses of each sample in static position using a 300 second analysis time for each measurement. The Lower Limit of Detection (LLD) is defined as three times the standard deviation of 10 repeat analyses of a gasoline sample containing no lead.

The results shown in the report indicate that the Rigaku NEX QC EDXRF analyser can be used to satisfy ASTM D5059-14 Part C. Given higher-level calibration ranges, parts A and B can also be met.

For even greater measurement precision and lower limits of detection, the Rigaku NEX QC+ analyser employs next generation silicon detector technology, and for the highest sensitivity in more difficult samples, the Rigaku NEX CG Cartesian geometry EDXRF spectrometer can also be used to satisfy ASTM D5059, delivering maximum trace level sensitivity.

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