Determination of Optimum Method Parameters for the Analysis of Oligonucleotides via HILIC
Sep 29 2023
Due to the highly polar nature of oligonucleotides, hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) is ideally suited for their characterisation. In this technical note, the separation of mixtures of short DNA (dT10, dT15 and dT20) and short RNA oligonucleotides (14, 17, 20 and 21mer) was used to examine important parameters for method optimisation in HILIC mode.
Influence of hardware
Oligonucleotides can be irreversibly adsorbed onto the metallic surface of the column hardware, due to their electron-rich backbone. The use of a bioinert coated YMC-Accura Triart Diol-HILIC column shows better peak shapes and higher sensitivity due to virtually no adsorption compared to the corresponding stainless-steel column (see Figure 1).
Influence of sample solvent and mobile phase pH
The influence of the sample solvent on peak shape especially for early eluting peaks is significant. As water is the strong eluent in HILIC mode, the ratio of organic solvent must be the same or higher than the initial gradient composition. The analysis of the DNA oligonucleotides diluted with a lower organic ratio (40%) shows that a higher injection peak as well as early eluting additional peaks occurs.
The mobile phase pH has a significant effect on retention and peak shape. Figure 2 shows that oligonucleotides are more strongly retained when the pH becomes lower. But with an acidic pH massive adsorption of the oligonucleotides occurs. Using the basic mobile phase, the retention is the lowest, but the resolution is visibly reduced, so that the neutral mobile phase pH shows the best results for this mixture.
These findings result in the following recommendations:
- Bioinert hardware provides optimum peak shapes and high recovery
- High organic ratio of the sample solvent is important
- Neutral to basic mobile phase pH is recommended
You will find further information about oligonucleotide analyses in YMC’s Oligonucleotide columns brochure.
Buyers Guide - Major producers of analytical equipment who wish to introduce and sell their products to buyers in science and industry - Over 1,000 products and services that these companys man...
View all digital editions
Jan 17 2024 Birmingham, UK
Jan 24 2024 Tokyo, Japan
Jan 29 2024 Dubai, UAE
Jan 31 2024 Tokyo, Japan
Feb 03 2024 Boston, MA, USA