Laboratory Products

  • Women in Physics - Maria Goeppert-Mayer

Women in Physics - Maria Goeppert-Mayer

Oct 25 2018 Read 1130 Times

In a recent presentation at CERN, Professor Alessandro Strumia provoked outrage with his comments that physics was 'invented and built by men'. In a timely fashion, Dr Donna Strickland was recently awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics, making her the third woman in history to do so.

In response to Strumia’s comments, Labmate's 6-part series will take a closer look at the women who have shaped physics into the science of today. Make sure you take a look at our previous post, about the inspirational Lise Meitner.

Today, we’re going to delve into the life and career of Nobel Prize winner, Maria Goeppert-Mayer…

Born into science

Born in 1906 in Germany (now Poland), Goeppert-Mayer was the only child of progressive professor Friedrich Goeppert. After moving to Göttingen, Germany, in 1910, she was educated at a girls’ grammar school ran by suffragettes. The school closed due to bankruptcy in her junior year, but she passed a collegiate exam without a high school diploma.

Goeppert-Mayer enrolled at the University of Göttingen and eventually earned her PhD under Max Born in 1930. That same year, she married Dr. Joseph Edward Mayer and they both moved to the United States for work.

Life in America

During this time, women were widely regarded as unsuitable to work in the upper realms of academia. Despite Goeppert-Mayer’s doctorate, she was limited to unpaid and unofficial work in university laboratories. It was only due to her husband’s influence that she was permitted to work in the labs.

For the next few years, she worked in unofficial and volunteer positions in universities across America, taking any role that she could. Her husband, Joseph worked as a professor at the University of Chicago, where she volunteered as an Associate Professor of Physics.

Within a few months of working in Chicago, Goeppert-Mayer was offered her first big break. With the opening of the Argonne National Laboratory, she took a part-time job as a Senior Physicist. For the first time, she was working and being paid at a level matching her training and knowledge.

Nuclear Shell Model

2 years into her work at the Argonne National Laboratory, Goeppert-Mayer made the breakthrough that would go on to change her career. Working alongside Edward Teller, she identified and named the seven ‘magic numbers’ in physics, proposing that inside a nucleus, protons and neutrons are arranged in a series of nucleon layers.

During the same time, but working independently, J. Hans D. Jensen and Eugene Paul Wigner reached the same conclusion. The three scientists were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1963 for their proposal of the nuclear shell model. Goeppert-Mayer, along with Marie Curie and Donna Strickland is one of the 3 women to ever win the Nobel Prize in Physics.

The nuclear shell model has gone on to influence the work of countless scientists and has shaped how we view physics today. Goeppert-Mayer was one of the many women who went through personal sacrifice – working unpaid in roles she was over-qualified for – in order to allow today’s women to thrive.

Stay tuned for our next inspirational woman in physics, Katherine Johnson, or check out ‘Accurate Measurements of Biological Nanoparticles’ for more on modern scientific developments.

Reader comments

Do you like or dislike what you have read? Why not post a comment to tell others / the manufacturer and our Editor what you think. To leave comments please complete the form below. Providing the content is approved, your comment will be on screen in less than 24 hours. Leaving comments on product information and articles can assist with future editorial and article content. Post questions, thoughts or simply whether you like the content.

Post a Comment

Digital Edition

Lab Asia December 2019

December 2019

In This Edition Mass Spectrometry & Spectroscopy - Translating Proteomic MALDi Tissue Typing to Clinical Pathology - Fusion Protein Complexes Analysed by CG-MALS - Non-equivalent, Multivalen...

View all digital editions


Nepal Lab

Dec 13 2019 Kathmandu, Nepal

SLAS 2020

Jan 25 2020 San Diego, CA, USA

Arab Health

Jan 27 2020 Dubai, UAE

Nano Tech 2020

Jan 29 2020 Tokyo, Japan


Jan 29 2020 Ghent, Belgium

View all events