What is Monkeypox?
Jan 13 2020 Read 399 Times
Following a trip to Nigeria, a British patient has been diagnosed with monkeypox, a rare double-stranded DNA virus that occurs mostly in tropical rainforest zones of Central and West Africa. The case was confirmed by Public Health England (PHE), with the government agency releasing a statement reading, "As a precautionary measure, PHE experts are working closely with NHS colleagues to implement rapid infection control procedures, including contacting people who might have been in close contact with the individual to provide information and health advice." It's not the first time monkeypox has been detected in the UK, with three other people diagnosed with the virus in 2018.
Fatalities of up to 10% reported by WHO
Similar to smallpox and chickenpox, monkeypox is a viral infection with symptoms including fever, headache, swollen lymph nodes, aching muscles, exhaustion and chills. It culminates in a rash that starts on the face and can often spread to other areas of the body. While most patients recover within a few weeks, in some cases monkeypox can be fatal. The World Health Organisation reports fatalities in up to 10% of patients during outbreaks, mostly within younger patients.
Low risk of human-to-human transmission
After falling ill, the patient was referred to the Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust, a specialist high consequence infectious disease centre in London. While the health authority has taken measures to ensure the virus doesn't spread, experts have also said the risk of an outbreak is low as monkeypox isn't easily transmitted between humans. This is because the human strain of monkeypox is a zoonotic disease that's largely transmitted from animals, usually primates and rodents, to humans. It's rarely transmitted between humans and unlike other highly infectious viruses that can become airborne, is only passed on via direct contact with lesions, respiratory droplets, body fluids and contaminated materials such as clothes, bandages and bedding.
"Monkeypox does not spread easily between people and the overall risk to the general public is very low," says Dr Meera Chand, a Consultant Microbiologist at PHE.
From developing vaccines for fatal viruses to developing treatments for degenerative diseases, science is at the forefront of modern medicine. For a closer look at the new Chromatrap® FFPE ChIP kit being used to extract and precipitate chromatin from complex formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue from human and animal sources, don't miss 'Unlocking the archive - Chromatrap® ChIP from Formula Fixed Paraffin Embedded (FFPE) Tissue.'
Do you like or dislike what you have read? Why not post a comment to tell others / the manufacturer and our Editor what you think. To leave comments please complete the form below. Providing the content is approved, your comment will be on screen in less than 24 hours. Leaving comments on product information and articles can assist with future editorial and article content. Post questions, thoughts or simply whether you like the content.
In This Edition Mass Spectrometry & Spectroscopy - Translating Proteomic MALDi Tissue Typing to Clinical Pathology - Fusion Protein Complexes Analysed by CG-MALS - Non-equivalent, Multivalen...
View all digital editions
Jan 25 2020 San Diego, CA, USA
Jan 27 2020 Dubai, UAE
Jan 29 2020 Tokyo, Japan
Feb 03 2020 Dubai, UAE
Feb 12 2020 Tokyo, Japan